Iceland is reckoned as a forerunner in the field of renewable energy. The country is generating around 81 percent of its primary energy needs from renewable sources. There are even plans to go fully green. Figures in 2007 said that geothermal energy accounts for 66 percent of primary energy, hydropower 15 percent and fossil fuels 19 percent.
The country uses mainly two renewable sources of energy; Geothermal Energy and Hydropower. The most visionary fact about Iceland is that electricity is fully generated by renewable energy. Out of 100 percent, 70 percent is directly generated from hydropower and 30 percent from geothermal energy. The National Company (Landsvirkjun) supplies most of this electricity. They provide most of the electricity, which is produced via hydropower.
Source: Nordic Energy Solutions
There are those who underestimate and argue that renewable energy in Iceland isn’t a great achievement. The small population size of around 300,000 makes it easy. For larger nations having a population with at least a thousand times more inhabitant such as in US it would be impossible. Iceland is, however proving that it is possible to go fully green.
There are a couple of clean energy sources available in the country. The government is also committed towards the sustainability and quality of the environment. In other words, irrespective of what people argue, Iceland is a leading country in using renewable sources..
In Iceland, 85 percent of businesses as well as homes are heated with hot water that comes from geothermal plants. In the urban areas such as Reykjavik and Akureyri to rural areas hot water pipes exists. The country has been using clean sources of energy for years and do today have pure quality air in the atmosphere.
Those who argue that Iceland is not an innovator will be surprised. The first geothermal power plant using Kalinatechnology is about to be erected. This will promote geothermal technology by permitting geothermal energy to be harnessed at a much lower temperature.
There are even a great intent to try to substitute gasoline and petrol used to fuel car by hydrogen. Its goal is set for 2050 and is in the mind of policy makers. The country is planning to use hydrogen to fuel fishing boats, cars and trucks. This would alleviate the 19 percent dependency on fossil fuel (mostly oil) by purely green energy sources.
Iceland is a green benchmark for countries to follow. Developed and developing countries should adhere to Iceland’s philosophy to purify the environment and avoid greenhouse emission.