The Southern Regional Science Congress began at Kongunadu Arts and Science College it was a congress of two days that marked the centenary of the Indian Science Congress Association. The main topic discussed was the role that science plays in shaping the future of India. At this Congress about three hundred scientists were presenting papers, scientists from major institutions in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Puducherry. The Congress constitutes an introduction to the Centenary year of the National Science Congress scheduled in New Delhi in the next year.
The past president of APJ, Abdul Kalan was the person responsible for inaugurating the seminar, at the seminar, he stated that science can soon solve the current energetic crisis the country is actually facing. He said that there is a possibility that is growing, involving gathering energy from the space itself by using space-based solar power systems, this new way of collecting solar energy has many advantages when compared with the traditional terrestrial solar power plants. According to Kalan, India can play a fundamental role in a field like this.
Abdul told that scientists in India are trying to produce nano-batteries capable of storing energy from the sun while in the space and the better: then they would be capable of transferring that energy to the planet Earth. Each kilogram of cargo would possess hundreds of watt hours. The solar irradiation on space is 1.4 times superior to the irradiation on earth, but the advantages are not stopping here, the solar power plants located on space would collect energy from the sun 24 hours a day, against that six or eight hours that common solar power plants can collect energy from the sun.
Kalan also talked about another subject as he recognized the need of multi-disciplinary methodologies concerning science, he told that one of his research students was studying the process of developing ways to help those slow learners among kids, using the power of scientific research. Our brain possesses billions of neurons. Both the quantity and the quality of the various neurons in our brain can be enhanced by offering greater and more difficult challenges to the brain no matter the age. His research student, named George is making a model of the brain, in that model; the higher neuronal density is, in fact, the main aspect for the smartness of the brain. That model as well as some research shows that concentrated damage doesn’t reduce the capacities to a larger range. Still, the destruction of neurons widespread through the brain reduces the capacities in a drastic way. If there is a way increase the number of neurons, even if it can be only increased in certain areas of the brain, that will provide better quality of life to the children affected by slow-learning problems. His student, participating in the research is working on ways to naturally increase the brain’s neuronal density (by using external stimulation providing challenges to the brain) or by using other means such as stem cells, jointing both methods can be a possibility.
Ramasami, the Union Science and Technology Department secretary told that the government played an important role and is helping science in research projects that are aiming to improve people’s lives. During the period of 1981 to 2001, there was a considerable reduction in all the research activities. He said that after that situation, the funding was increased and with it the number of research activities and programs also increased.
Source: times Of India